The International Baccalaureate (IB), formerly the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO), is an international educational foundation headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
Founded in 1968 in Geneva, IB offers three educational programmes for children ages 3–19. The organization's name and logo were changed in 2007 to reflect a new image and for legal reorganization. Consequently, "IB" can refer to the organization itself, any of the three programmes or the diploma or certificates awarded at the end of the diploma programme.
The IB Diploma Programme (IBDP) was described as "a rigorous, off-the-shelf curriculum recognized by universities around the world” when it was featured in the December 18, 2006, edition of Time titled "How to bring our schools out of the 20th Century”.
Creativity, Action and Service (CAS) is an IB Diploma requirement, which means that without doing 50 hours of each, a student cannot achieve their IB diploma. It was created to inspire students to participate in a broad range of activities.
Theory of Knowledge (TOK) is a compulsory subject all IB diploma students are obligated to take. It focuses on the ways of knowing and different areas of knowledge as listed below:
Ways of Knowing:
- Sense Perception
Areas of Knowledge:
- Natural Sciences
- Human Sciences
I.B in England: St Clare΄s I.B. College, Oxford Royale Academy, OSC, d΄ Overbroeck΄s, Taunton Study Centre, King΄s College, Corpus Christi College, Academic Ι.Β. Summer.
I.B. in USA: Harvard/MIT & Stanford Universities, Philips Exeter Academy.